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Let P and Q be two points in the triangle plane. Pa, Pb, Pc are the projections of P on the lines QA, QB, QC and Qa, Qb, Qc those of Q on the lines PA, PB, PC. The lines PaQa, PbQb, PcQc concur (i.e. the triangles PaPbPc and QaQbQc are perspective) if and only if P lies on a pK invariant under the isoconjugation f which swaps P and Q and whose pivot U is the isoconjugate of the orthocenter H (this solves and generalizes a question raised by Antreas Hatzipolakis).

Jean-Pierre Ehrmann observes that this condition is realized if and only if A, B, C, P, Q lie on a rectangular hyperbola - in this case, the lines concur at the pole of the line PQ with respect to the hyperbola. Thus, the lines PaQa, PbQb, PcQc concur if and only if the line PQ goes through f(H). H is obviously a point on the cubic and the tangents at A, B, C are the altitudes of ABC. Naturally, the polar conic of H in the cubic is the rectangular circum-hyperbola passing through U.

When U = X(3), we obtain the McCay cubic K003 and when U = X(69), we obtain the Lucas cubic K007. The only circular cubic of this type is Kn = K060.

With U = (u : v : w), the barycentric equation is : SA v w x^2 (SB y – SC z) = 0.

***

Another description of this type of pK is the following. Let (C) be the circum-conic with perspector W and denote by A', B', C' the "second" common points of the lines AP, BP, CP and (C). A'B'C' and the pedal triangle of P are perspective if and only if P lies on pK(W, W÷H), together with the circumcircle and the line at infinity. When W = K, (C) is the circumcircle and A'B'C' the circumcevian triangle of P. This is property 6 in K003, the McCay cubic. When W = G, (C) is the Steiner ellipse and we find property 9 in K007, the Lucas cubic.

(C) is a rectangular hyperbola if and only if W lies on the orthic axis and then the pivot U lies at infinity. In this case, the cubic has always three real asymptotes : one is the line UH, the two other are parallel to the asymptotes of (C) at the antipode X of H on (C). X is the fourth common point of (C) and the circumcircle i.e. the trilinear pole of the line WK. See for example K245, K246, K247.

The cubic pK(W, W÷H) passes through a given point P = p : q : r if and only if W lies on the circum-conic whose perspector is Q = f(P) = p^2(SB q - SC r) : : . In this case, the cubic also passes through the H-crossconjugate of P. Note that Q lies at infinity if and only if P lies on the Lucas cubic K007.

The following table gives a selection of such pKs with centers denoted i for X(i).

pivot U

pole W

cubic

X(i) on the cubic for i = / remarks

1

19

 

1, 4, 1148

2

4

K663

2, 4, 253, 1249

3

6

K003 McCay

1, 3, 4, 1075, 1745, 3362 / the only equilateral of the class

4

393

 

cubic decomposed into the altitudes

5

53

 

 

6

25

 

4, 6, 1988, 3168

7

278

 

 

8

281

 

 

9

33

 

 

10

1826

 

 

19

1096

 

 

20

1249

 

 

21

1172

 

 

25

2207

 

 

31

1973

 

 

32

1974

 

 

40

2331

 

 

41

2212

 

 

42

2333

 

 

48

31

 

 

63

1

 

4, 7, 9, 40, 63, 189, 366 / isogonal transform of K145

68

2165

K690

4, 68, 485, 486, 637, 638

69

2

K007 Lucas

2, 4, 7, 8, 20, 69, 189, 253, 329, 1032, 1034, 5932 / (C) is the Steiner ellipse

75

92

 

 

76

264

 

 

77

57

 

1, 4, 7, 77, 174, 189, 223

78

9

 

1, 4, 8, 78, 188, 1034, 1490

95

275

 

2, 3, 4, 95

184

32

 

4, 6, 184, 1988 / isogonal transform of K146

264

2052

K647

2, 4, 92, 253, 264, 273, 318, 342, 2052, 7020

265

1989

K060 Kn

4, 5, 13, 14, 30, 79, 80, 265, 621, 622, 1117, 1141, 5627, 6761 / the only circular cubic of the class

286

4 x 286

 

4, 7, 27, 29, 92, 189, 273, 286, 1896

287

98

K777

2, 4, 6, 98, 253, 287, 290, 325, 401, 1503, 1975, 1988, 9476

296

1945

 

1, 4, 65, 296, 1935, 1936, 1937, 2655

305

76

 

2, 4, 75, 76, 253, 305, 341, 1088, 1370

328

94

 

2, 4, 94, 253, 311, 328, 1141, 3153

394

3

 

4, 6, 69, 394, 1032, 1498, 1988

520

647

K246

4, 520, 2574, 2575 / (C) is the Jerabek hyperbola

521

650

K247

4, 521, 3307, 3308 / (C) is the Feuerbach hyperbola

525

523

K245

4, 525, 3413, 3414 / (C) is the Kiepert hyperbola

577

184

 

3, 4, 6, 577

3519

2963

 

4, 17, 18, 633, 634 / isogonal transform of K349

?

?

K194

4, 1656, 1657

?

?

K195

4, 3090, 3529

Note 1 :The cubics with pivots highlighted in orange are members of the pencil generated by K003 and K007. This pencil also contains the union of the altitudes and, apart this decomposed cubic, all the cubics are tangent at H to the line passing through X(51).

The pole lies on the circum-conic passing through X(2), X(6) and the pivot lies on the Jerabek hyperbola.

Note 2 :The cubics with poles highlighted in green pass through X(2) and X(253). Their pivots lie on the circum-conic with perspector X(525), passing through X2, X69, X95, X253, X264, X287, X305, X306, X307, X328, X1441, X1494, X1799, X1972, X2373, X2419, etc.