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X(3), X(74), X(265), X(2574), X(2575)

Q125 has four real asymptotes concurring at X(6699), the centroid of {A, B, C, X(74)}, the midpoint of X(3)X(125), also the homothetic of X(265) under h(X3, 1/4). Two are parallel to those of the Jerabek hyperbola and the remaining two are their bisectors.

Q125 meets the circumcircle (O) at A, B, C, X(74) and the vertices of a square whose sidelines are also parallel to the asymptotes of the Jerabek hyperbola.

The third polar of X(265) is a stelloidal circum-cubic (K) passing through X(3), X(74) hence the tangents at A, B, C, X(3), X(74) concur at X(265). Note that X(3) is a point of inflexion. The radial center X of (K) is the homothetic of X(265) under h(X3, 1/3). (K) meets (O) again on the line X(3)X(924).

***

Q125 belongs to a net of stelloidal circum-quartics which contains that decomposed into the McCay cubic K003 and the line at infinity, and also Q085.

This net can be generated by three independent nodal stelloidal circum-quartics Q(A), Q(B), Q(C) with nodes A, B, C respectively and passing through X(3). The equation of Q(A) is :

2 y z (c^2 y+b^2 z) (c^2 SC y-b^2 SB z)+x(b^4 z^2 (c^2 (y-x)-(a^2-b^2) z)+c^4 y^2 (b^2(x-z)-(c^2-a^2)y)) = 0, the others are obtained cyclically.

Any quartic is then written under the form : Q(P = p:q:r) = p Q(A) + q Q(B) + r Q(C), where P is any point in the plane.

Q(X3) corresponds to the McCay case. Q(X23) is Q085 and Q(X74) is Q125. See also Q126, Q127, Q128, Q129, Q130, Q131, Q132, Q133, Q134.

The isogonal transforms of Q(A), Q(B), Q(C) are also nodal stelloidal circum-quartics with same nodes. They similarly generate another net of stelloidal quartics passing through X(4). With P = X(2), we obtain the same McCay case.

***

Properties of Q(P), P ≠ X(3)

• The line X(3)P meets the circumcircle (O) at two points P1, P2. The four infinite points of Q(P) are those of the two rectangular circum-hyperbolas passing through P1, P2. It follows that, for any P lying on a fixed line L passing through X(3), the quartics Q(P) have the same points at infinity and form a pencil.

• Q(P) always contains A, B, C, X(3) and the inverse iP of P in (O).

• The four asymptotes concur at the radial center X of Q(P) which is the centroid of {A, B, C, iP}. X generally does not lie on Q(P) unless P lies on a complicated septic passing through X(3) (triple point), X(23) (see Q085), X(2071) (see Q131), the inverse of X(3146) in (O). See below for a list of pairs {P,X}.

• Q(P) passes through P if and only if P lies on K003 or on (O).

• Q(P) passes through the isogonal conjugate P* of P if and only if P lies on K003 or on K024.

• When P lies on (O), hence iP = P, X lies on the circle C(X140, R/4) and on the tangent at X(3) to Q(P).

Q(P) meets (O) again at four points Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4 which are the vertices of a square. The sidelines (resp. diagonals) of this square are parallel to the asymptotes of the rectangular hyperbola passing through P (resp. the antipode of P).

• When P lies on the line at infinity, Q(P) meets (O) again at five points Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4, Q5 which are the vertices of a regular pentagon. The radial center is X(140). See Q132, Q133, Q134. The tangent at O to Q(P) is the line OP meeting Q(P) again at two points M1, M2 which are isogonal conjugates hence on the McCay cubic K003. See Q132 for other related loci.

• The tangents at A, B, C to Q(P) concur (at Q) if and only if P lies on K039 and then Q lies on K025. If the line OP meets the Stammler hyperbola again at N then Q is the anticomplement of the inverse of N in (O).

***

Peter Moses has computed the quartics Q(P) passing through at least four ETC centers (2017-06-24). A few other special cases are also listed.

• the yellow cells are those with P on (O). Q(P) contains P and meets (O) at the vertices of a square.

• the green cells are those with P at infinity. Q(P) meets (O) at the vertices of a regular pentagon.

• the red, blue, green P's lie on the lines passing through X(3) and X(74), X(76), X(8) respectively in which case Q(P) meets the line at infinity at {2574, 2575}, {3413, 3414}, {3307, 3308} respectively. These are the infinite points of the Jerabek, Kiepert, Feuerbach hyperbolas respectively.

P = X(i) for i =

quartic

X(i) on the quartic for i =

radial center X

20

Q130

3, 4, 2071

10257

23

Q085

2, 3, 4

2

30

Q132

3, 4

140

74

Q125

3, 74, 265, 2574, 2575

6699

76

 

3, 3413, 3414, 5152

?

98

 

3, 98, 3413, 3414

6036

99

 

3, 99, 3413, 3414

620

100

 

3, 100, 3307, 3308

3035

104

 

3, 104, 3307, 3308

6713

110

 

3, 110, 2574, 2575

5972

183

 

2, 3, 3413, 3414, 5939

?

186

Q129

3, 4

5

399

 

3, 1511, 2574, 2575

?

476

Q126

3, 30, 476, 523, 1113, 1114

?

477

 

3, 30, 477, 523

?

517

Q134

1, 3

140

805

Q127

3, 511, 512, 805, 1379, 1380

?

901

Q128

3, 513, 517, 901, 1381, 1382

?

927

 

3, 514, 516, 927

?

952

Q133

3, 3307, 3308

140

953

 

3, 513, 517, 953

?

1145

 

3, 2932, 3307, 3308

?

1309

 

3, 515, 522, 1309

?

1511

 

3, 399, 2574, 2575

10272

2071

Q131

3, 4, 20

3

2453

 

2, 3, 5000, 5001

?

2698

 

3, 511, 512, 2698

?

2724

 

3, 514, 516, 2724

?

2734

 

3, 515, 522, 2734

?

2867

 

3, 525, 1503, 2867

?

2932

 

3, 1145, 3307, 3308

?

4996

 

3, 3307, 3308, 6224

214

5152

 

3, 76, 3413, 3414

3934

5939

 

3, 183, 3413, 3414

?

5976

 

3, 3413, 3414, 5989

?

5980

 

3, 3413, 3414, 5981

?

5981

 

3, 3413, 3414, 5980

?

5989

 

3, 3413, 3414, 5976

?

6078

 

3, 518, 3309, 6078

?

6079

 

3, 519, 3667, 6079

?

6080

 

3, 520, 6000, 6080

?

6081

 

3, 521, 6001, 6081

?

6082

 

3, 524, 1499, 6082

?

6083

 

3, 758, 6003, 6083

?

6093

 

3, 524, 1499, 6093

?

6224

 

3, 3307, 3308, 4996

?

9149

 

3, 3413, 3414, 9828

?

9828

 

3, 3413, 3414, 9149

?

10620

 

3, 2574, 2575, 12041

?

12041

 

3, 2574, 2575, 10620

?

12042

 

3, 3413, 3414, 12188

?

12188

 

3, 3413, 3414, 12042

?

12358

 

3, 2574, 2575, 12412

?

12412

 

3, 2574, 2575, 12358

?

A list of pairs {P,X} by Peter Moses (2017-06-25)

{1,6681}, {2,468}, {15,6672}, {16,6671}, {20,10257}, {22,5159}, {23,2}, {36,1125}, {54,10615}, {74,6699}, {98,6036}, {99,620}, {100,3035}, {101,6710}, {102,6711}, {103,6712}, {104,6713}, {105,6714}, {106,6715}, {107,6716}, {108,6717}, {109,6718}, {110,5972}, {111,6719}, {112,6720}, {140,10096}, {186,5}, {187,3589}, {352,10160}, {468,6677}, {858,6676}, {930,13372}, {1155,6690}, {1157,6689}, {1319,6691}, {1324,3634}, {1325,6675}, {1326,6693}, {1511,10272}, {1691,6680}, {2070,3628}, {2071,3}, {2072,10020}, {2073,6678}, {2076,6683}, {2077,6684}, {2078,6692}, {2079,6722}, {3153,7542}, {3455,6698}, {4996,214}, {5152,3934}, {5161,6679}, {5162,10007}, {5172,3812}, {5189,7499}, {5866,141}, {5867,6703}, {5937,6707}, {5940,6}, {5971,10163}, {6104,6669}, {6105,6670}, {6150,8254}, {6636,858}, {7464,549}, {7480,402}, {7488,2072}, {7496,7426}, {7575,547}, {9153,11176}, {10121,10120}, {10257,13383}, {10260,6702}, {10298,10297}, {10989,7495}, {11589,6696}, {11597,11701}, {11643,5461}, {12095,9820}, {13558,6723}.